You’ve probably watched tons of breastfeeding-related tutorials online but when it comes to actually nursing your newborn, everything feels different. Especially if you don’t have a lactation consultant to seek help, how are you going to ensure your baby is latching on correctly? We’ve listed out some rules for you to self-assess if you and your baby are doing the right thing.

What’s a good latch on?

Well, the answer to this is there is no perfect one type fits all latch on position. The positioning can look nothing like what the lactation consultant told you to do, but you were comfortable and enjoying the whole nursing session, then that’s a good latch on.

  • Do you feel comfortable? 
    No pain no gain? Nope, we want to gain (milk out) without pain. If your answer to this question is positive, congratulations!
  • Is the baby getting milk and gaining weight?
    You can hear the baby sucking and swallowing milk. Her weight gain is also following the average growth chart. Good job, the latching was effective!

A few things worth checking... 

  • Baby’s head is tilting up, your nipple is facing her nose instead of her mouth.
  • When your baby is latching on, one of your hands is supporting her head.
  • Milk isn’t leaking out from the baby’s mouth.
  • Your nipple and majority of your areola are in the baby’s mouth.

The Precautious of Breastfeeding: 

  1. Different breastfeeding positions 
  2. Put your finger beside the corner of baby's mouth before taking your nipples of from baby
  3. Replace with bottle feeding until nipples recover
  4. Apply lotion on the nipple and areola after breastfeeding 
  5. Avoid breastfeeding when the baby is famish
  6. Shorten breastfeeding period, but breastfeed more frequently
  7. Make sure to keep nipples  dry and breathable

What to do if my nipples hurt?

Is nipple pain normal? Should I be worried? How do you differentiate between normal nipple pain and nipple pain that should be helped by a health professional?

  • How long does the pain last? 
    First 30 seconds or so during breastfeeding/ pain throughout the nursing session
  • Does the pain go away within 2 weeks after delivery? 
    Yes/ No
  • Is the pain mild or intense? 
    Mild/ Intense
  • When you look at your nipples after a nursing session, do you see skin damage, bleeding or cracks? 
    Nipples looking the same/ I can see skin damage

If your answers are the former then you shouldn’t be too worried. But if your nipples get painful during the whole nursing session or even beyond; your nipples are bleeding, there are cracks and blisters; the pain is beyond ‘mild’ then you should seek help. Seeking help is perfectly fine, don’t feel guilty, you didn’t do anything wrong, you just need some extra assistance.

*Note that if you’re using a breast pump, the wrong breast pump shield size or suction level that’s too high could also cause sore, painful nipples.

Should I keep breastfeeding when my nipple cracks and scabs?

You still need to pump or hand express the milk out from the injured side of the breast to prevent blocked milk duct or mastitis, and to secure a stable milk supply. Offer the other breast that is well or less injured. Try to switch between different positions to see which one feels the most comfortable. Don’t be discouraged from breastfeeding, many people face similar problems, with the help you will recover in no time.


Tips for Nipple care: 

  1. Clean your breast with warm water 

  2. Keep your nipples dry 

  3. Apply skin-friendly breast pads and change it regularly 

  4. Apply nipples protective case 

  5. Smoothed lanolin, nipple repair cream

  6. Wear duodenum to improve the recovery of wound

I’m having a white spot/ line on my nipple after nursing...

That’s called nipple blanching and it’s due to blood flow deduction or cut off during nursing or pumping. The white line will most likely disappear after the nursing sesh and your nipple will turn back red again.

Nipple blanching can be associated with pain and change in nipple shape (flattened, pinched, etc.). Adjust your nursing position to help with this problem, your baby might be latching too shallow. Consult the doctor/ lactation consultant to see what can be done to improve this problem. Or getting a good firm nursing pillows brings your baby to the right height for feeding, which can assist with latching.

My nipples look red...

Be it pink, red, rashes, or itchiness, you might be having a skin allergy reaction from the products you use: nipple cream, breast pads. Some mums are allergic to the jelly in the inside layer of a breast pad or the chemicals contained in the nipple cream. If that happens, change to another brand and see if the situation improves.


The Causes of Nipples Pain.

  1. The sensitive pain before breastfeeding 
  2. Skin infection
  3. Breast engorgement
  4. Clogged milk duct
  5. Candidiasis infection
  6. Incorrect breastfeeding position for baby
  7. Baby's tongue flicks when breastfeeding
Assist breastfeeding in the right position with breastfeeding pillow.Assist breastfeeding in the right position with breastfeeding pillow.